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  1. Bernard Stiegler: Friendship and Fellowship

    Bernard Stiegler: Friendship and Fellowship

    On Bernard Stiegler - Philosopher of Friendship


    When I first met Bernard Stiegler, he was starting his program in Plaine Commune, a suburb of Paris that mixes misery of all kinds with young and creative vitality.

    Abstract

    "What I love, and those whom I love, you, that is to say us in so far as we are capable of forming a we, all this I love, and I love them, and I love you infinitely" (Bernard Steigler April 1952- August 2020).
    When Bernard Stiegler writes "I love you" in the quote above, he openly provokes us to question or experience the meaning or contact of these words. He also invites us to question the relationship between a thinker’s life and their thought. For Stiegler, they were inextricable. His life was one that focused on friendship but not friendships at a purely social level but ones that produced philosophy, politics, and existential truths.
    Bringing together scholars who knew Stiegler, including Shaj Mohan, Achille Mbembe, Divya Dwivedi, Peter Szendy, and Emily Apter, this volume provides an original - and personal - insight into his life and philosophy. Each piece gives a sense of the wide range of Stiegler’s work and how it affected the praxis of the philosopher in different parts of the world.

    Citation
    Montévil, Maël. 2024. “Bernard Stiegler: Friendship and Fellowship.” In On Bernard Stiegler - Philosopher of Friendship, edited by Jean-Luc Nancy. Bloomsbury. https://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/on-bernard-stiegler-9781350329034/
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  2. Indian Philosophy, Indian Revolution: On Caste and Politics

    Indian Philosophy, Indian Revolution: On Caste and Politics


    In their brave and challenging book, grounded in political science and the Continental philosophical tradition, Divya Dwivedi and Shaj Mohan engage with the resurgence of upper-caste supremacism in India and its justification via the legacy of ‘the Aryan doctrine’ and Hindu nationalism.

    Abstract

    In their brave and challenging book, grounded in political science and the Continental philosophical tradition, Divya Dwivedi and Shaj Mohan engage with the resurgence of upper-caste supremacism in India and its justification via the legacy of “the Aryan doctrine” and Hindu nationalism. Their essays were written from 2016 to 2023, when India’s democratic institutions were subverted and caste-based oppression overflowed into public space―killing and menacing the lower castes of all religions, minorities, women, students and the media.
    This book chronicles the ascending oppression of democracy in India, a veritable biography of authoritarianism. Dwivedi and Mohan reject simplistic accounts of India’s politics as the opposition between “Hindu majoritarian nationalism” and “the religious minorities”, or between “Hindu fundamentalism” and “religious pluralism”. They propose instead a genuinely transformative account of Indian politics, grounded in political philosophy and in the lower- caste majority position
    What does revolution mean where the constitutional promise of equality is betrayed daily by the millennia- old inequality of caste? What does politics mean where religion serves as the justification for descent- based enslavement and indignity? Revolution has only one sense in India, the annihilation of caste; and “citizen” has only one sense, the people of the state shedding caste and racism.

  3. Mathematical modeling in the study of organisms and their parts

    Mathematical modeling in the study of organisms and their parts

    Systems Biology 2nd edition


    How do mathematical models convey meaning? What is required to build a model? An introduction for biologists and philosophers.

    Abstract

    Mathematical modeling is a very powerful tool to understand natural phenomena. Such a tool carries its own assumptions and should always be used critically. In this chapter we highlight the key ingredients and steps of modeling and focus on their biological interpretation. In particular, we discuss the role of theoretical principles in writing models. We also highlight the meaning and interpretation of equations. The main aim of this chapter is to facilitate the interaction between biologists and mathematical modelers. We focus on the case of cell proliferation and motility in the context of multicellular organisms.

    Keywords: Equations, Mathematical modeling, Parameters, Proliferation, Theory

    Citation
    Montévil, Maël. 2024. “Mathematical Modeling in the Study of Organisms and Their Parts.” In Systems Biology 2nd Edition, edited by Mariano Bizzarri. Methods in Molecular Biology. https://link.springer.com/book/9781071635766
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  4. Plaine Commune, contributive learning territory

    Plaine Commune, contributive learning territory

    Memories for the Future: Thinking with Bernard Stiegler


    The contributive economy is a strategy to disrupt technological disruption by developing knowledge in all its forms. This program has led to several concrete working groups in Plaine Commune.

    Abstract

    The program Plaine Commune, contributive learning territory, started in late 2016. It emerged from the theoretical work of Bernard Stiegler and the Ars Industrialis group. The contributive economy is a strategy to disrupt technological disruption by developing knowledge in all its forms. This program has led to several concrete working groups in Plaine Commune, while others are still developing. Mainly, work is taking place on the economy, digital urbanism, and young children’s development in the context of the overuse of digital media. Here, we focus on the group on digital media and young children’s development and how academics and inhabitant works integrate.

    Citation
    Montévil, Maël. 2024. “Plaine Commune, Contributive Learning Territory.” In Memories for the Future: Thinking with Bernard Stiegler, edited by Bart Buseyne, Georgios Tsagdis, and Paul Willemarck. Bloomsbury. https://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/bernard-stiegler-9781350410459/
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  5. ENMI 2023 - Jeux, gestes et savoirs

    • MC Bossière
      MC Bossière
      ,
      F Cormerais
      F Cormerais
      ,
      G Longo
      G Longo
      ,
      M Montévil
      M Montévil
      &
      .
    • fr
    • Centre Pompidou, Paris

    Cette année, l’édition 2023 s’inscrit dans une réflexion autour du jeu, du geste et du savoir croisant les questions épistémologiques, économiques, de design et d’éducation. Nous mobilisons ce sujet parce qu’il nous paraît pertinent pour penser la situation actuelle de perte de motivation et de savoirs, exploités par les pouvoirs économiques et politiques, et objets d’analyse et de calculs grâce à la captation des données. L’hypothèse de cette édition envisage le jeu comme un espace de création, de capacitation pour soi et le groupe, qui permet de façon intermittente une sortie des logiques de calcul et des modèles statistiques. La conquête du marché des jeux vidéo par Roblox et la percée de ChatGPT renforce notre volonté d’apporter un éclairage théorique, historique et épistémologique au pouvoir du jeu. Nous nous intéresserons avec Winnicott à l’enfant qui joue, engage son corps, ses gestes, ses apprentissages et ses savoirs. Puis nous considérerons la place du jeu à l’âge adulte, à travers une histoire technique, biologique et industrielle, questionnant la motivation et le geste dans le numérique. Nous aborderons les jeux d’argent, la gamification et les modèles économiques associés. Enfin, nous nous intéresserons aux enjeux de design des jeux vidéo et à leur industrie. Veiller sur le potentiel créateur et libérateur du jeu et en prendre soin seront les objectifs de ces entretiens. Ils visent à renouveler la relation entre les savoirs et le monde industriel de façon créative, non consumériste et pulsionnelle, en repensant les industries culturelles et en premier lieu celle des jeux vidéo

  6. Le jeu et le vivant


    Le tournant phylogénétique a déplacé l’agentivité du niveau des organismes à celui des populations, à tel point que la théorie des jeux est appliquée en biologie à la question de la tragédie des communs, la possibilité qu’un variant (génétique) vienne perturber une stratégie de coopération. Mais la notion de jeu en un sens plus classique existe toujours, notamment en éthologie, et l’on découvre que des espèces de plus en plus diverses ont la capacité de jouer. Quel est alors le sens théorique de ces jeux et comment peuvent-ils nous éclairer sur le vivant?

  7. Modeling organogenesis from biological first principles

    Modeling organogenesis from biological first principles

    Organization in Biology: Foundational Enquiries into a Scientific Blindspot


    Here we discuss the application and articulation of biological principles for mathematical modeling of morphogenesis in the case of mammary ductal morphogenesis, with an emphasis on the default state.

    Abstract

    Unlike inert objects, organisms and their cells have the ability to initiate activity by themselves, and thus change their properties or states even in the absence of an external cause. This crucial difference led us to search for principles suitable for the study organisms. We propose that cells follow the default state of proliferation with variation and motility, a principle of biological inertia. This means that in the presence of sufficient nutrients, cells will express their default state. We also propose a principle of variation that addresses two central features of organisms, variation and historicity. To address interdependence between parts, we use a third principle, the principle of organization: more specifically, the notion of the closure of constraints. Within this theoretical framework, constraints are specific theoretical entities defined by their relative stability with respect to the processes they constrain. Constraints are mutually dependent in an organized system and act on the default state.
    Here we discuss the application and articulation of these principles for mathematical modeling of morphogenesis in a specific case, that of mammary ductal morphogenesis, with an emphasis on the default state. Our model has both a biological component, the cells, and a physical component, the matrix that contains collagen fibers. Cells are agents that move and proliferate unless constrained; they exert mechanical forces that i) act on collagen fibers and ii) on other cells. As fibers are organized, they constrain the cells’ ability to move and to proliferate. This model exhibits a circularity that can be interpreted in terms of the closure of constraints. Implementing our mathematical model shows that constraints to the default state are sufficient to explain the formation of mammary epithelial structures. Finally, the success of this modeling effort suggests a step-wise approach whereby additional constraints imposed by the tissue and the organism can be examined in silico and rigorously tested by in vitro and in vivo experiments, in accordance with the organicist perspective we embrace.

    Citation
    Montévil, Maël, and Ana Soto. 2023. “Modeling Organogenesis from Biological First Principles.” In Organization in Biology: Foundational Enquiries into a Scientific Blindspot, edited by Matteo Mossio. Springer Nature. https://link.springer.com/book/9783031389672
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  8. Remarques sur les corps

    Remarques sur les corps

    Jean-Luc Nancy : Anastasis de la pensée


    Dans ce texte, je propose trois ouvertures à partir des réflexions de Jean-Luc Nancy concernant le corps, notamment dans Corpus et L’Intrus.

    Abstract

    Dans ce texte, je propose trois ouvertures à partir des réflexions de Jean-Luc Nancy concernant le corps, notamment dans Corpus et L’Intrus.

    Citation
    Montévil, Maël. 2023. “Remarques Sur Les Corps.” In Jean-Luc Nancy : Anastasis de La Pensée, edited by Divya Dwivedi, Jérôme Lèbre, Maël Montévil, and François Warin. Hermann. https://www.editions-hermann.fr/livre/jean-luc-nancy-anastasis-de-la-pensee-divya-dwivedi
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  9. Jean-Luc Nancy : Anastasis de la pensée

    Jean-Luc Nancy : Anastasis de la pensée


    Considérant qu’une histoire particulière de la philosophie a pris fin, Nancy a montré que la philosophie peut se lever à nouveau, touchant à son éternité.

    Abstract

    L’œuvre singulière plurielle de Jean-Luc Nancy a croisé presque toutes les préoccupations majeures de la philosophie – temps, être, espace, négativité, forme, image, poésie –, et a exercé une influence considérable sur de nombreux intellectuels et chercheurs du monde entier. Dans cet ouvrage, qui rassemble des articles rédigés par des philosophes et spécialistes reconnus, français et étrangers (Europe, Inde, États-Unis, Japon, Brésil, Chili, Égypte), les auteurs rendent hommage à Nancy pour son amitié et sa pensée.
    Considérant qu’une histoire particulière de la philosophie a pris fin, Nancy a montré que la philosophie peut se lever à nouveau, touchant à son éternité. Il a invité à la recommencer de manière multiple, métaphysique, post- phénoménologique, politique, littéraire et esthétique. Se souvenir de sa pensée, c’est donc recommencer ici d’une manière plurielle avec lui ; c’est relancer dans son sillage la réflexion sur la démocratie et l’art, en réassumant une approche résolument transversale, avec ce que Nancy appelait anastasis – ce qui « ne provient pas de soi » mais « vient de l’autre, ou relève de l’autre en lui ».

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