Jump to main content

  1. Understanding living beings by analogy with computers or understanding computers as an emanation of the living

    Understanding living beings by analogy with computers or understanding computers as an emanation of the living

    trópoς. Rivista di ermeneutica e critica filosofica


    A new look at theoretical computer sciences by changing perspective with a biological approach.

    Abstract

    The analogy between living beings and computers was introduced with circumspection by Schrödinger and has been widely propagated since, rarely with a precise technical meaning. Critics of this perspective are numerous. We emphasize that this perspective is mobilized to justify what may be called a regressive reductionism by comparison with physics or the Cartesian method.
    Other views on the living are possible, and we focus on an epistemological and theoretical framework where historicity is central, and the regularities susceptible to mathematization are constraints whose existence is fundamentally precarious and historically contingent.
    We then propose to reinterpret the computer, no longer as a Turing machine but as constituted by constraints. This move allows us to understand that computation in the sense of Church-Turing is only a part of the theoretical determination of what actually happens in a computer when considering them in their larger theoretical context where historicity is also central.

  2. La disruption du vivant dans l’Anthropocène


    Les biologistes évoquent souvent la disruption des organisations biologiques ou des écosystèmes. Il s'agit par exemple de la disruption des relations écosystémiques par le changement climatique ou des perturbateurs endocriniens, endocrine disruptors en anglais. La notion de disruption correspond-elle…

  3. Organologie et biologie


    Nous recevons Maël Montévil, chercheur CNRS à l’ÉNS de Paris (République des Savoirs). La science demande une pensé théorique : celle-ci propose un regard sur la nature, oblige à en expliciter les principes, guide l’expérience, pose des limites à la connaissance et à l’action. Elle permet une éthique…

  4. How should we think scientifically about biological objects?

    • M Montévil
      .
    • en
    • Recording available
    • Seminar of the History, Philosophy and Biology Teaching Lab
    • History, Philosophy and Biology Teaching Lab, Universidade Federal da Bahia

    Scholars used Aristotelian reasoning in combination with theology to understand living beings, leading to natural theology, where god was the guarantee of biological norms. Transformism, notably Darwin, provided an alternative to this view; however, this alternative had to be acknowledged by scientists…

  5. Postdoctoral position

    • en

    Outstanding postdoctoral position in modeling of biological systems at Tufts University (Boston).

  6. The Anastasis of philosophy — seminar


    The multiple crises of philosophy (conceptual, institutional, vocational, political, economic) which have constituted a situation of more than crisis—a criticalisation—from which philosophy will not be able to recover into anything resembling what it was in the past. However, these moments of crises…

  7. Texts as Technologies of Community Building: The Contributive Research Approach


    The concept of ‘contributive research’ was introduced by Bernard Stiegler for the multiple, bifurcating ways communities of care are created and cultivated through the production of knowledge, as opposed to the consumption of information. From this perspective, participation in a community constitutes…

  8. Fundamental theory and epistemology of biology, and applications to the Anthropocene


    Biology is a science where, evolution possibly put aside, theories are not significantly developed. Nevertheless, at the theoretical and epistemological level, we argue that biology raises major challenges, notably in contrast with the theorizations of physics. In a nutshell, biology has to accommodate…

  9. The other beginning of philosophy


    Partager autour de nos initiatives et de nos expériences de terrain. Journée animée par des membres de la Clinique Contributive de l’IRI (institut de recherche et d’innovation)

  10. Écrans, parents, enfants, comment co-habiter?

    • M Montévil
      .
    • fr
    • CMA Chartreux, 13004 108 Boulevard Françoise Duparc Marseille

    Partager autour de nos initiatives et de nos expériences de terrain. Journée animée par des membres de la Clinique Contributive de l’IRI (institut de recherche et d’innovation)

Filter by type to see more archives from year 2022.