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  1. Science in the storm: GMOs, agnotology, theory


    Private interests sometimes indulge in disrupting scientific knowledge. The study of these strategies with human sciences’ methods is called agnotology. In today’s event, we will discuss this matter from the perspective of scientists who were directly confronted with this kind of practice. We will …

  2. Entropies and the Anthropocene crisis

    AI and society


    The contemporary Anthropocene crisis is frequently described as the rarefaction of resources or resources per capita. However, both energy and minerals correspond to fundamentally conserved quantities from a physical perspective. A specific concept is required to understand the rarefaction of these...

    Manuscript Citation Details

    Abstract:

    The contemporary Anthropocene crisis is frequently described as the rarefaction of resources or resources per capita. However, both energy and minerals correspond to fundamentally conserved quantities from a physical perspective. A specific concept is required to understand the rarefaction of these resources. This concept, entropy, pertains to the configurations of energy and matter and not just to their sheer amount. However, the physical concept of entropy is insufficient to understand biological and social organizations. Biological phenomena display both historicity and more synchronic, systemic properties. The concept of anti-entropy stems from the combination of these aspects. We propose that many vulnerabilities of living entities to the changes of the Anthropocene pertain to anti-entropy. They correspond to the entropization of anti-entropy, that is, a loss of organization. They can also be the disruption of anti-entropy production, that is to say, the loss of the ability to produce functional novelties.

    Keywords: entropy, anti-entropy, resources, organization, disruption, Anthropocene

    Citation:

    Montévil, Maël. n.d. “Entropies and the Anthropocene Crisis.” AI and Society

  3. Conceptual and theoretical specifications for accuracy in medicine

    Personalized Medicine in the Making: Philosophical Perspectives from Biology to Healthcare


    Technological developments in genomics and other -omics originated the idea that precise measurements would lead to better therapeutic strategies. However, precision does not entail accuracy. Scientific accuracy requires a theoretical framework to understand the meaning of measurements, the nature...

    Manuscript Citation Full text

    Abstract:

    Technological developments in genomics and other -omics originated the idea that precise measurements would lead to better therapeutic strategies. However, precision does not entail accuracy. Scientific accuracy requires a theoretical framework to understand the meaning of measurements, the nature of causal relationships, and potential intrinsic limitations of knowledge. For example, a precise measurement of initial positions in classical mechanics is useless without initial velocities; it is not an accurate measurement of the initial condition. Conceptual and theoretical accuracy is required for precision to lead to the progress of knowledge and rationality in action. In the search for accuracy in medicine, we first outline our results on a theory of organisms. Biology is distinct from physics and requires a specific epistemology. In particular, we develop the meaning of biological measurements and emphasize that variability and historicity are fundamental notions. However, medicine is not just biology; we articulate the historicity of biological norms that stems from evolution and the idea that patients and groups of patients generate new norms to overcome pathological situations. Patients then play an active role, in line with the philosophy of Georges Canguilhem. We argue that taking this dimension of medicine into account is critical for theoretical accuracy.

    Keywords: Normativity, Organization, Personalized Medicine, Technology, theoretical biology

    Citation:

    Montévil, Maël. n.d. “Conceptual and Theoretical Specifications for Accuracy in Medicine.” In Personalized Medicine in the Making: Philosophical Perspectives from Biology to Healthcare. Springer; Springer

  4. Comprendre le vivant par analogie avec l’ordinateur ou comprendre l’ordinateur par analogie avec le vivant


    L’analogie entre le vivant et l’ordinateur a été introduite avec circonspection par Schrödinger, et s’est largement propagée depuis, rarement avec un sens technique précis. Les critiques sur cette perspective sont nombreuses. Nous insisterons sur le fait que cette perspective est mobilisée pour justifier…

  5. Code for: Disruption of biological processes in the Anthropocene: the case of phenological mismatch

    Code for: Disruption of biological processes in the Anthropocene: the case of phenological mismatch


    CRAN R code to analyze disruption of plant-pollinator networks for the article: Disruption of biological processes in the Anthropocene: the case of phenological mismatch.

    Citation Publisher Details

    Abstract:

    CRAN R code to analyze disruption of plant-pollinator networks for the article: Disruption of biological processes in the Anthropocene: the case of phenological mismatch

    Citation:
  6. Les ateliers de prévention des effets des écrans à la PMI Pierre Sémard de Saint-Denis

    • M Bossière
      M Bossière
      M Montévil
      M Montévil
      A Kunvari
      A Kunvari
      PMI Pierre Sémard
      PMI Pierre Sémard
      H Yacouben
      H Yacouben
    • en
    • Midi-Santé

    Depuis deux ans, le philosophe Bernard Stiegler, récemment disparu, a initié une recherche-action sur la prévention aux effets des écrans chez les enfants, pilotée par l’IRI (Institut de Recherche et d’Innovation du Centre Pompidou). Une série d’ateliers est menée au sein de la PMI Pierre Sémard de…

  7. From physics to biology by extending criticality and symmetry breakings: An update

    From physics to biology by extending criticality and symmetry breakings: An update

    Acta Europeana Systemica


    We introduce our theoretical analysis in biology and show that symmetries play a radically different role in this discipline, by comparison with physics.

    Manuscript Citation Publisher Full text

    Abstract:

    Symmetries play a major role in physics, in particular since the work by E. Noether and H. Weyl in the first half of last century. Herein, we briefly review their role by recalling how symmetry changes allow to conceptually move from classical to relativistic and quantum physics. We then introduce our ongoing theoretical analysis in biology and show that symmetries play a radically different role in this discipline, when compared to those in current physics. By this comparison, we stress that symmetries must be understood in relation to conservation and stability properties, as represented in the theories. We posit that the dynamics of biological organisms, in their various levels of organization, are not “just” processes, but permanent (extended, in our terminology) critical transitions and, thus, symmetry changes. Within the limits of a relative structural stability (or interval of viability), qualitative variability is at the core of these transitions.

    Keywords: Coherent structures, Critical transitions, downward causation, Hidden variables, Levels of organization, Symmetries, Systems biology

    Citation:

    Longo, Giuseppe, and Maël Montévil. 2020. “From Physics to Biology by Extending Criticality and Symmetry Breakings: An Update.” Acta Europeana Systemica 9 (1): 77–92. https://doi.org/10.14428/aes.v9i1.56043

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