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Contents tagged “heartbeats”

There is only one content with the tag “heartbeats”:

  1. A 2-dimensional geometry for biological time

    A 2-dimensional geometry for biological time

    Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology

    We frame several features of biological time with a 2-d manifold to accommodate autonomous biological rhythms both for individuals and comparisons.

    Manuscript Citation Publisher Full text


    This paper proposes an abstract mathematical frame for describing some features of biological time. The key point is that usual physical (linear) representation of time is insufficient, in our view, for the understanding key phenomena of life, such as rhythms, both physical (circadian, seasonal …) and properly biological (heart beating, respiration, metabolic …). In particular, the role of biological rhythms do not seem to have any counterpart in mathematical formalization of physical clocks, which are based on frequencies along the usual (possibly thermodynamical, thus oriented) time. We then suggest a functional representation of biological time by a 2-dimensional manifold as a mathematical frame for accommodating autonomous biological rhythms. The “visual” representation of rhythms so obtained, in particular heart beatings, will provide, by a few examples, hints towards possible applications of our approach to the understanding of interspecific differences or intraspecific pathologies. The 3- dimensional embedding space, needed for purely mathematical reasons, allows to introduce a suitable extra-dimension for “representation time”, with a cognitive significance.

    Keywords: Biological rhythms, Allometry, Biological rhythms, Circadian rhythms, Heartbeats, Rate variability


    Bailly, F., G. Longo, and Maël Montévil. 2011. “A 2-Dimensional Geometry for Biological Time.” Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 106 (3): 474–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2011.02.001

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